Effective from the start of 2018, the Tax Cuts & Jobs Act includes provisions that either directly or indirectly affect stock compensation, whether in financial planning or in stock plan administration (though the core tax treatments have not changed). This article details six provisions that have an impact on the taxation of stock compensation or holdings of company shares.
While in 2018 Tax Cuts & Jobs Act superseded many prior tax provisions, other tax provisions introduced in previous legislation (such as the Affordable Care Act, i.e. Obamacare) remain in place. Income thresholds for the tax brackets trigger higher tax rates, so it is wise to monitor the tax impact of income-generating events stemming from stock compensation. This article suggests strategies for minimizing their impact.
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Stock options and RSUs are popular at startups and late-stage pre-IPO companies. However, shares in privately held companies typically lack liquidity and thus cannot be sold, creating difficulty when taxes are owed on the income recognized. To address this problem, the Tax Cuts & Jobs Act introduced an income-deferral opportunity for certain types of stock compensation at privately held companies in Section 83(i) of the tax code.
UPDATES! The stock-sale information provided by brokers on IRS Form 1099-B has changed. Cost-basis reporting, both for your broker on Form 1099-B and for you on your tax return, is now more complex, confusing, and vulnerable to errors. This article explains the crucial facts you must know to avoid overpaying tax or attracting unwanted IRS attention.
Learn the rules for reporting stock sales on your tax return, along with costly errors to avoid if the shares you sold came from stock options, restricted stock/RSUs, stock appreciation rights, or an employee stock purchase plan. Among other issues, you must understand your "cost basis" to avoid overpaying your taxes. Running time: 8:05.
Learn how to prevent costly tax return mistakes with this animated presentation on IRS Form 1099-B, IRS Form 8949, and Schedule D.
Notable shifts in tax rates occurred in 2013 for people with high incomes. Part 1 surveys these important tax changes and considers their ongoing impact on planning. Even after the changes made by the Tax Cuts & Jobs Act in 2018, many of the rates and income thresholds covered in this article still apply.
Part 2 of this article series looks at planning strategies involving capital gains rates, the AMT, and ISOs, and considers general ideas related to income-shifting.
This extensive IRS guide covers many topics related to reporting income and expenses from investments, including dividends (Chapter 1), capital gains (Chapter 4), and interest on loans (Chapter 3).
The IRS tips its hand on what its agents look for in audits related to all types of stock pay to ensure compliance, whether by corporations or executives.