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Learn core knowledge about stock grants. Browse an overview of this section below, or explore the subtopics to the left. This section covers basic concepts that apply not just to stock options but also to restricted stock and restricted stock units. See also the Tax Center for special sections just on the tax basics of various equity grants.

Test Your Knowledge Test and improve your knowledge with our Basics Of Stock Grants quiz and its study guide in the answer key.

Want to know more? Listen to our podcasts on the basics of stock options, restricted stock, and ESPPs.

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Stock Options 101: The Essentials

Matt Simon
Your company has granted you stock options. Now what? This article explains the essential facts that you must know to understand your stock options and make the most of them.

Restricted Stock 101: Five Essentials Of Restricted Stock & RSUsThis is premium content

The myStockOptions Editorial Team
While restricted stock and RSUs are relatively straightforward, they have technical aspects you must understand to make the most of them. Learn the essential facts of restricted stock and RSUs, including basic concepts, vesting schedules, and tax treatment.

Six ESPP Essentials (Part 1): Enrollment, Plan Type, Purchase TimingThis is premium content

The myStockOptions Editorial Team
An employee stock purchase plan can be a great benefit, but the rules and taxation are tricky. This two-part article presents six topics you must be familiar with to get the most from your ESPP.

Stock Appreciation Rights 101 (Part 1)

Bruce Brumberg
Stock appreciation rights (SARs) are being granted by some companies. To help you understand SARs, Part 1 explains the "appreciation," the role of exercises, and taxes at exercise.

NEW! Incentive Stock Options: What You Must Know To Make The Most Of ISOs And Avoid Costly MistakesThis is premium content

The myStockOptions Editorial Team
Incentive stock options (ISOs) are potentially quite valuable. However, they are more rule-bound, complex, and risky than nonqualified stock options (NQSOs). In fact, mistakes with ISOs can be quite costly. This article explains the essential facts of ISOs that you must know at the time of grant, before you exercise the options, and when you sell the shares.

VIDEO! Restricted Stock & RSUs (Part 1): Key Aspects To Know

Bruce Brumberg
Presented by the editor-in-chief of, this engaging video covers the fundamentals of restricted stock, restricted stock units (RSUs), and performance shares to help you make the most of these grants. This video covers key concepts, such as vesting schedules and understanding your grant's value. Running time: 4:37

VIDEO! Employee Stock Purchase Plans (ESPPs): Core Concepts & Benefits

Bruce Brumberg
In this video, the editor-in-chief of explains the fundamentals of employee stock purchase plans (ESPPs). Animated examples clearly illustrate the benefits that ESPPs can provide for employees. Running time: 3:35

Stomach Volatility In Your Company's Stock Without Losing Your Mind

Joanna Glasner, Matt Simon, and Bruce Brumberg
Don't feel anxious or discouraged about stock-price volatility. As the experts will tell you, equity compensation is a tool for building wealth over the long term.

VIDEO! Employee Stock Options: Core Aspects To Know

Bruce Brumberg
With expert insights from the editor-in-chief of, this video covers the essential aspects of employee stock options that you must know to make the most of them, including the key concepts of vesting, exercise, and the option term. Running time: 4:12.

Stock Option Fundamentals (Part 1): Know Your Goals And Terms

Marilyn Renninger
Stock options aren't just for the folks on mahogany row any more. But turning stock options into the real green stuff takes some know-how. You need to know certain features of your grant to decide when to exercise your options and sell the stock.

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What are the top 10 questions I should ask about my stock grants?

You should know the answers to the following questions. Understanding the topics involved will help you to...

What is a stock option?

Generally, a stock option is a right that a corporation grants...

What is restricted stock? Does it differ from restricted securities?

Don't confuse restricted securities and restricted stock. They are very different...

What advantages do restricted stock and RSUs have over stock options? How do the two grant types compare?

Restricted stock always has some value to you even when the stock price drops below the price on the date of grant...

Why do companies shift from granting stock options to granting restricted stock units, and then sometimes back again to granting at least some stock options?This is premium content

Surveys indicate that many companies use a variety of grants, including both stock options and restricted stock units (RSUs) in tandem. There are many possible reasons why a company might switch from options to RSUs...

What is an employee stock purchase plan?

An employee stock purchase plan (ESPP) is a type of stock plan that permits employees to use after-tax payroll deductions to acquire shares of their company's stock. Plans can have...

How does an ESPP differ from a stock option plan?

Employee stock purchase plans tend to be viewed as a benefit while stock options are a form of compensation. From an employee perspective, there are some differences in operations, eligibility, and design...

How is my stock option's exercise price set?This is premium content

The full board of directors, the compensation committee, or an executive with expressly delegated authority...

How is fair market value (FMV) determined for setting my exercise price? What are common company practices?This is premium content

In most cases, your exercise price for stock options is...

What is a vesting schedule?

A vesting schedule dictates when you may exercise your stock options or when the forfeiture restrictions lapse on restricted stock. Vesting is determined separately for each grant. A schedule is time-based if you must...

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